Researching Public Law and Public Policy in the Public Interest
Two years ago, CLiME and the Violence Institute partnered on twin aspects of the crisis of disproportionate exposure to childhood trauma among students living in concentrated poverty. CLiME’s law and policy analyses of causal structural factors are contained on our site and blog. For the first time, we publish here the empirical findings of Dr. Alicia Lukachko, our partner, who worked with a group of young people aged 8-18 referred to a partial hospitalization program from their schools in Newark, Irvington and East Orange.
David Troutt, founding director of the Rutgers Center on Law in Metropolitan Equity (CLiME) was featured in on NJ.com this week: A recent report by Rutgers University found the risk of displacement for Newarkers is already high, even though threat of gentrification remains premature. "Displacement through gentrification comes about because cities make deliberate tax policy decisions that favor certain elements over others," said David Troutt, one of the authors of the report and director of Rutger's Center for Law, Inequality and Metropolitan Equity. "A city like Newark has to exercise that same authority to protect (residents)," he added. "This is an obligation to make sure as it plans for growth, it also plans for affordability. Otherwise people disappear."
As a whole, Hispanics are disproportionately concentrated in the lowest-opportunity neighborhoods in U.S. metro areas. However, reflecting this ethnic group's diversity, there is great variation by national origin in their distribution across different levels of neighborhood opportunity. Explore Hispanic diversity in terms of access to neighborhoods of opportunity for two dozen Hispanic-origin subgroups across the 100 largest metro areas with new indicators and visualizations by diversitydatakids.org.
Low-income families who use housing subsidies to move from struggling to thriving communities represent perhaps the country’s best shot at breaking intergenerational poverty. Landmark research from Harvard University last year showed that children from poor families who make the transition at a young age are more likely to go to college, less likely to become single parents, and earn more money than those who remain behind.
The choices that black families make today are inevitably constrained by a legacy of racism that prevented their ancestors from buying quality housing and then passing down wealth that might have allowed today’s generation to move into more stable communities. And even when black households try to cross color boundaries, they are not always met with open arms: Studies have shown that white people prefer to live in communities where there are fewer black people, regardless of their income.
Intergenerational privilege is rooted in place -- in the home values and tax base, the schools and transportation networks available to people because of where they are fortunate to live. Decades of white flight, suburbanization, the abandonment of urban centers and regressive housing policies have contributed to a pervasive disconnectionacross racial, ethnic and class lines. This segregation has reinforced the corrosive effects of historical prejudice and biases that already divide society and make Americans, in effect, strangers to each other. It should come as no surprise, then, that the social landscapes of university communities are just as divided.
We are witnessing a nationwide return of concentrated poverty that is racial in nature. This report finds that high-poverty ghettos and barrios are the inevitable and predictable consequences of deliberate policy choices.
In this season of anniversaries, no two are more stark in their parallels than Ferguson a year after the shooting of Michael Brown and New Orleans 10 years after Hurricane Katrina.
The Center on Law in Metropolitan Equity (CLiME) has generated mappings of the child poverty concentration in Detroit, by race and ethnicity, for the years 2000 and 1990.
Responding to concerns that the conditions in black, lower-income neighborhoods contributed to the problems that sparked the unrest after Mr. Brown’s death, the Ferguson Commission, convened by Gov. Jay Nixon, recently proposed measures to promote more integrated housing, including vigorously enforcing fair housing laws to reduce discriminatory lending practices.

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