Researching Public Law and Public Policy in the Public Interest
Rutgers Law student Charis G. Orzechowski examines transit conditions that discourage commuters entering from high poverty areas for work and the neglected transit needs of low-income citizens in four New Jersey counties. The paper explores whether certain poor, minority and transit-dependent populations are being excluded from traveling within high-growth suburban municipalities that have job opportunities available for people with fewer specialized skills. The analysis uncovers the "spatial mismatch" that harms transit-dependent minorities and suggests a possible violation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Once a bustling industrial power and an engine of the middle class, Newark has, in recent decades, been wounded by racial strife, suburban flight, and industrial abandonment. From a high in 1948 of nearly half a million, Newark’s population today has plummeted to 277, 540, with more than a quarter of residents living in poverty, and hypersergegation based on race. The purpose of this paper is to analyze Newark’s continuing struggle—as a city plagued by urban poverty yet circumscribed by suburban wealth—to educate its youth, empower its citizens, and harbor the same opportunities for socioeconomic advancement as its more affluent municipal neighbors.
This equity audit comparing the City of Camden, NJ and the Borough of Tenafly, NJ demonstrates the strong correlation between crime, segregation, and educational deficiency, and argues that ways to improve the educational level of “failing” schools is to introduce measures that reduce crime and promote desegregation.
This paper will demonstrate how variations in historical development patterns in the Borough of Paramus and the City of Garfield have resulted in striking differences in terms of the economic and educational opportunities currently afforded the residents of each. Part I will consist of an Equity Audit highlighting the differences in life outcomes between the residents of these municipalities. Part II, Opportunity Factors, will discuss how disparities in wealth and the socioeconomic segregation of schoolchildren affect opportunity in each community. Part III, Remedies, will evaluate the viability of some techniques for addressing the existing disparities between Paramus and Garfield, with a particular focus on regional approaches such as tax-base sharing and inclusionary zoning.
While New Jersey is one of the United States’ most populous states, it is simultaneously one of its wealthiest. In other respects, however, New Jersey closely mirrors the overall demographic make-up of the United States, specifically in terms of race. When looking at New Jersey on a more micro and municipal level the state is equally illustrative of insidious problems plaguing the country as a whole, most notably the inequitable and disharmonious way in which wealth and race statistics are consolidated and segregated across New Jersey’s 566 municipalities, due in large part to a destructive reliance on localism; the manifestation of strong local legal power in the face of state control. Montville Township and Elizabeth help highlight the way in which localism has compounded inequity in New Jersey between for minorities and whites, and between the wealthy and the poor.
This paper will compare the townships of Maplewood and Irvington, New Jersey. Although the towns share a geographic border, the difference between the two communities is considerable. In Part I, I survey the financial differences and fairly typical Census measurements. In Part II, I will review how opportunity for class mobility is present or not present in each community. For this analysis, I am looking at how concentrated poverty in Irvington restricts mobility as compared to Maplewood where such hyper-segregation and concentrations of poverty do not exist. I focus mainly on opportunity outcomes in housing and education in both towns and address additional issues such as race relations and crime.
This paper will perform an equity analysis on two New Jersey towns, Elizabeth and Westfield, both located in Union County. This paper moves forward on the premise that there is a direct relation between on the one hand actual space, the number of people who occupy that particular space, and the “color” of the people who occupy that space and on the other hand opportunity, or lack thereof, as an outcome of equity indicators such as cost of living and median income, residential segregation, home ownership and affordable housing, crime, education and fiscal capacity.